Online Resources and Exhibits

Online books, articles, and exhibits about BNA philately

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Books and Handbooks


Canadian Philately - An Outline - John Burnett, Gray Scrimgeour, and Victor Willson
Survey of collecting interests of BNA philatelists, including stamps, postal history, and collateral material of Canada and the provinces.

Canada ● Stamps

Canadian Stamps with Perforated Initials, 6th edition, with 01 August 2022 updates - BNAPS Perfin Study Group
The Perfin Handbook lists the origin and use of all known perfins on Canadian stamps. The 1 August 2022 edition is available. Newly updated sections are identified by the date 2022 08 01. Individual sections as well as compressed and uncompressed editions of the complete handbook with the most recent edition of each section are available for downloading.

Timbres canadiens avec initiales perforées, 5e édition, mise à jour le 1 décembre 2018 - BNAPS Perfin Study Group
L'origine et l'utilisation des perfins et une liste de tous les perfins connus parmi les timbres canadiens. Les sections mises à jour le plus récemment sont identifiées par la date : 2018 12 01.

Canada ● Postal Stationery

Addenda to Webb's Postal Stationery Catalogue of Canada & Newfoundland, 8th Edition, 2019 - Canada Premium Products (html) - Earle L. Covert
The 500-page Webb Catalogue, 8th Edition, is available only in a print edition published by Unitrade Associates. The addenda to the Catalogue consist of an additional 150 pages that have been separated from the main catalogue, and are available as a set of freely-downloadable PDF files. The addenda list Canada Premium Products, which include the following:

  • Registered Prepaid Envelopes
  • Priority Post and Priority Courier Envelopes
  • Private Order Priority Post Certified Mail
  • Regular Special Letter Envelopes
  • Private Order Special Letters and Official Special Letter Envelopes
  • Lettermail Selfmailers
  • Request For Additional Delivery
  • Prepaid Flat Rate Boxes
  • Xpresspost of all types
  • Prepaid Parcel Labels

Canada ● Postal History

The Canadian Posted Letter Guide for Letters Mailed in the 1851 - 1902 Period, 2nd edition (html) - Victor L. Willson and Charles G. Firby
Pricing guide to BNA covers between 1851 and 1902.

Squared Circle Postmarks of Canada, June 2021 update to the 6th edition published in January 2020 (html) - Prepared by the BNAPS Squared Circle Study Group. Edited by Rick Friesen.
The June 2021 update replaces all the sections of the 6th edition of the Handbook. The Handbook is organized according to hammer type and province. In over 680 pages, it provides an exhaustive treatment of each hammer: period of use, time marks, indicia information, stamp issues on which the hammer is found, rarity factors, and illustrations of hammer usage. Section 1 of the Handbook provides an introduction to these fascinating postmarks.

Railway Post Office (RPO) Postmarks of Canada on the 1898 Canadian 2¢ Imperial Penny Postage Issue (The ‘Map Stamp’): A Cover Census and a Roster of Off-Cover Cancellations (5.5 MB pdf) - Rick Friesen
Lists Map stamp covers postmarked with RPO hammer strikes. About 250 covers are listed. The listing for each cover includes an illustration (if an image is available), RPO cancel identification, origin (if known), destination, and provenance. The census also updates the 1987 Lew Ludlow roster of RPO cancellations on off-cover Map stamps.

Barred Circle Postmarks of Canada on the 1898 Canadian 2¢ Imperial Penny Postage Issue (The ‘Map Stamp’): A Cover Census (1.8 MB pdf) - Rick Friesen
This is a census of Map Stamp covers with Barred Circle postmarks, often referred to as precursors of Squared Circle postmarks. The hammers, introduced in 1892, were issued to nine towns in Canada (Halifax, Hamilton, London, Montreal, Ottawa, St. John, Seaforth, Toronto, and Winnipeg) and St. John’s, Newfoundland. The census currently documents 72 covers with Montreal strikes and one with a St. John’s, Newfoundland, strike.

Squared Circle Postmarks of Canada on the 1898 Canadian 2¢ Imperial Penny Postage Issue (The ‘Map Stamp’): A Census of Off-Cover Cancellations (6.8 MB pdf) - Rick Friesen
This census of 3,461 postmarks on off-cover Map stamps is compiled from numerous sources. They include over 58 years of public auction listings, three Internet auction sources (such as eBay), philatelic literature (including books and journals), exhibits, dealer stocks, personal communications from Squared Circle collectors, and the author's collection.

Squared Circle Postmarks of Canada on the 1898 Canadian 2¢ Imperial Penny Postage Issue (The ‘Map Stamp’): A Cover Census and Analysis (18.1 MB pdf) - Rick Friesen
Lists over 1,100 covers franked with the 1898 2¢ Map Stamp and postmarked with Squared Circle hammer strikes. If an image is available, the cover is illustrated. The previous census, compiled in 2001, listed 620 covers. The data for this census comes from auction catalogues dating back to 1960, Internet auctions such as eBay, philatelic literature, exhibits, dealer stocks, personal communications from fellow collectors, and the author's collection.

Timothy Eaton Company: Philatelic Notes (13.4 MB - pdf) - Clayton Rubec
The Timothy Eaton Company was in operation for 138 years, from 1861 to 1999. During its heyday, it had department stores in over 100 cities and a highly developed mail order business. This monograph explores the company's use of postage stamps, perfins, precancels, postal stationery, postage meter machines, mailing permits, bulk mail, and revenue stamps.

Newfoundland ● Postal History

Post Offices of Pre-Confederation Newfoundland (html) - Carl Munden. Formatting and editing: Malcolm Back and John M. Walsh.
Traces the history of Newfoundland's outport post offices. The listing for each post office includes its location by bay and map reference, population, opening and closing, postmasters and general information, and illustrations of the various markings used. There are also sections describing the mail distribution to and from the outports and the types of town date stamps used. 479 pages.

Cinderella stamps

100 Years of Union Dues Stamps in Canada and Newfoundland, 1880 to 1980 (12.3 MB pdf) - Clayton Rubec and Ron Lafrenière
Describes, lists, and illustrates the stamps issued by unions in Canada and Newfoundland for the payment of dues by union members. Includes international unions based in the U.S. with locals in Canada and Newfoundland. 152 pages.



Library and Archives Canada Private Philatelic Fonds/Collections and Accruals (html)
Lists recent fonds/collections and accruals available for consultation at Library and Archives Canada (LAC). The list was provided by James Bone, Archivist, LAC. Also describes how to conduct online searches of the private fonds at LAC, and how to request material for on-site consultation.

Philately at LAC / La philatélie à BAC (2.5 MB pdf) - James Bone, Archivist, Archives Branch, Library and Archives Canada
Describes the philatelic and postal history collections at Library and Archives Canada (LAC), the access and research tools LAC offers to the philatelic community, and how to cite LAC items in documents and articles. Provides links to Canadian Postal Archives research material such as the database of post offices and postmasters. This presentation was given at BNAPEX 2018 Québec.

Kasimir Bileski — 14 September 1908 to 19 January 2005 (html) - John Jamieson
Memorial to one of Canada's foremost stamp dealers.

Philatelic Literature is the Heart of the Hobby (html) - Michael O. Nolan
Describes the benefits of having a philatelic library, and recommends some additions to it.

Stamp Books for a Weekend Read (html) - Clayton Rubec
Books with philately in mind.

Philately ● Exhibiting

Exhibit Synopsis Template (0.1 MB pdf)
Suggested synopsis outline for BNAPEX exhibits.

BNAPS Judging Guidelines for Juries and Exhibitors (0.1 MB pdf)
Judging guidelines that apply specifically to BNAPEX exhibits.

Canada ● Stamps

The Goebel Press Era of Canadian Stamps - Ken Sargent with Leopold Beaudet
History, stamp production, and the people behind the BABN Goebel press used to print Canadian stamps between 1968 and 1989.

Proofs — The Printers’ Finest Work (html) - John Jamieson
Discusses die and plate proofs and how they enhance a collection.

Paper Expansion & Shrinkage Affects Perfins and Perforations (html) - John Jamieson
Soaking stamps can affect the perforations. What to do about it?

The Canadian Stamp Perforation Change of 1962 (5.2 MB pdf) - Julian J. Goldberg
A small but measurable change in the gauge of the perforations on Canadian postage stamps appeared in 1962. At the time, Canadian Bank Note Co. printed all of Canada's postage stamps, and perforated them with a line perforator. This article discusses the perf change and illustrates all the stamps known to exist with the two perforations.

Fake Double Perf Coils Uncovered (html) - John Jamieson and Leopold Beaudet
Describes fake extra perf "varieties" on coils and sheet stamps, and how to detect them.

Canada’s Most “Superb” Stamp (html) - Saskatoon Stamp Centre
The title says it all.

Canada ● Stamps ● 1851 Pence Issue

Canada’s ½d Plate Varieties (12.4 MB pdf) - Michael D. Smith
Re-entries and plate flaws with clear illustrations taken from the plate proof. References the plate of 120 for the imperforate stamp and the cut-down plate of 100 for the perforated stamp. Presented at the Re-entries and Constant Plate Varieties Study Group meeting at BNAPEX 2018 Quebec.

Three Pence Beaver Selected Re-entries and Plate Varieties (2.9 MB pdf) - Michael D. Smith
Description, including plate position, of selected re-entries and plate flaws with detailed illustrations to aid identification. Presented at the Re-entries and Constant Plate Varieties Study Group meeting at BNAPEX 2015 Niagara Falls.

Analysis of Paper Thickness on 3d Beavers (html) - Saskatoon Stamp Centre
Results of measuring 125 1852-1857 3d Beaver stamps on wove paper in the Saskatoon Stamp Centre inventory between 1987 and 1999.

Canada ● Stamps ● 1859 First Cents Issue

Whitworth’s Plate Flaws on the One Cent Decimal Issue (6.5 MB pdf) - Michael D. Smith
Close-up illustrations from an early plate proof and issued stamps with detailed annotation of plate flaws reported by Geoffrey Whitworth in the 1960s. Version 2, revised in Jan. 2020.

1859 5 Cents Beaver Plate Flaws (html) - Pence-Cents Era Study Group
According to Geoffrey Whitworth, one plate of 100 subjects was prepared for the 1859 5 Cents Beaver stamp. The plate was reworked ten times, and thus exists in 11 states. This article displays images of the plate flaws, and provides easy navigation to any stamp position and plate state.

This article is the result of an ongoing project by the Pence-Cents Era Study Group, led by Jim Jung, to compile an online, searchable database of all the plate flaws on the 1859 5 Cents Beaver stamp and illustrate them with actual stamps. As examples of flaws become available, they will be added to the database. The August 2021 release contains 200 stamp images.

Canada's Five Cents Beaver Plate Proofs with Various Plate Flaws (13.0 MB pdf) - Michael D. Smith
Illustrates plate flaws found on the 1859 Five Cents Beaver stamp. The flaws are on plate proofs from states 1, 4, and 10/11 of the plate.

Canada ● Stamps ● 1868 Large Queen Issue

2¢ Large Queen, Laid Paper, Sold on 28 January 1998 (html) - Saskatoon Stamp Centre
Behind the scenes story of the sale of Canada's rarest stamp.

Updated Story of the 2¢ Large Queen on Laid Paper (html) - Leopold Beaudet
Provenance of the three known copies of Canada's rarest stamp.

Canada ● Stamps ● 1911 Admiral Issue

Guide to the Admiral Stamps of Canada (html) - Randall W. Van Someren
Dies, printing, paper, straight edges, coils, fakes, forgeries, varieties, cancellations, rates, and bibliography.

The Admirals after Marler (5.0 MB pdf) - Leopold Beaudet
Describes discoveries made after Marler's 1982 book, The Admiral Issue of Canada, was published. Topics covered include plates, lathework, pyramid lines, booklets, re-entries and retouches, design types, plate flaws, and fluorescent ink.

Canada ● Stamps ● 1930 Arch Issue

1930-1933 Arch Issue & Commemoratives Collection (html) - Saskatoon Stamp Centre
Illustrates die essays, die proofs, and major varieties of the 1930 Arch Issue and other stamps from the same period.

Canada ● Stamps ● Elizabethan definitives

1953 $1 Totem Production File (html) - Saskatoon Stamp Centre
Illustrates die essays, die proofs, and other pre-production material for the 1953 $1.00 Totem Pole definitive.

Die Proofs of the 50¢ Textile Issue of 1953 (html) - Saskatoon Stamp Centre
Illustrates progressive die proofs in several colours of the 1953 50¢ Textile definitive.

Missing Colour on the 1983 32¢ Maple Leaf Definitive (html) - Leopold Beaudet
Story behind the discovery of the "Winter Leaf" missing colour error on the 1983 32¢ Maple Leaf definitive.

Spotted 45¢ Flag, a.k.a. “Snowstorm Variety” (html) - Saskatoon Stamp Centre
The “Snowstorm Variety” on the 1995 45¢ Flag definitive isn't really a variety.

Faked 1995 45¢ Flag Definitive (html) - Saskatoon Stamp Centre
The 1995 45¢ Flag definitive with the blue colour doubled turns out to be not such an attractive variety.

Canada Post Announces Smaller Dimensions for the Current Canadian 45¢ Flag Definitive (html) - Charles J. G. Verge
Discusses the decision by Canada Post to reduce the size of the 1995 45¢ Flag definitive and all the collectables it produced.

$2 Truro Provincial Normal School Inverted Inscriptions (html) - John Jamieson
Background behind the discovery of the 1995 $2.00 Truro Provincial Normal School definitive with inverted inscriptions.

Modern Flower Coil Definitives (20 MB pdf) - Jim Watt
Also available as a PowerPoint presentation (39 MB)
Printing and die cut varieties on the coils issued between December 2004 and December 2007.

Canada ● Stamps ● Commemoratives

The 1917 3¢ Confederation Commemorative (1.8 MB pdf) - Leopold Beaudet
Based on a study of the 1917 3¢ Confederation stamp by Richard M. Morris. Presentation made at the Admiral Study Group meeting at BNAPEX 2008 Halifax.

St. Lawrence Seaway Invert Errors (html) - John Jamieson
History and illustrated list of 1959 5¢ St. Lawrence Seaway invert errors on cover and on piece.

The Many Faces of Canada 1977 Christmas 12¢ (html) - Saskatoon Stamp Centre
Illustration of printing, perforation, and tagging varieties on the 1977 Christmas 12¢ stamp.

Canada’s Most Amazing Error (html) - James E. Kloetzel
Re-evaluation of the errors resulting from a major corner fold on the 1982 Christmas 30¢ stamp.

The 1994 Christmas Varieties (html) - Saskatoon Stamp Centre
The 1994 Christmas stamp denominations were 43¢, 50¢, and 88¢. So, why do 52¢ and 90¢ stamps exist?

Self-Adhesive Greeting Booklets (1994-1997) (html) - Robin Harris
Detailed review of the 1994-1997 self-adhesive Greeting booklets, the stickers that went with them, their usage, and the printing errors.

Canada ● Stamps ● First Day Covers

Errors, Freaks and Oddities on Canada Post Official First Day Covers (3.1 MB pdf) - Andrew Chung
OFDC EFOs: on the cachet, on the cancellation, and on the stamp or stamps. Presentation made to the BNAPS Golden Horseshoe Regional Group and to the Philatelic Specialists Society of Canada.

Canada ● Postal Stationery

Addendum and Update to the Section of Webb’s Postal Stationery Catalogue of Canada and Newfoundland 2019 for Canadian Postage-Prepaid Postcard Factory® Cards (6.2 MB pdf) - Robert Lemire
This addendum to Webb’s Postal Stationery Catalogue contains corrections and additions to the listing of postage-prepaid Postcard Factory® cards, primarily for cards prepared using dies IIIc and IIId (pages 238-259 of the catalogue). It is anticipated that the addendum will be updated at least annually, as new material is reported. Addendum date: 2021-09-17.

Canada ● Permit Mail

Illustrated Permits (html) - Earle L. Covert
Listing of illustrated indicia for permit mail with an image of each one. The indicia date from 2006 when Canada Post introduced the feature. The listing also includes forerunners, indicia with illustrations that appeared before 2006. The listing reflects the explosion in the number of illustrated indicia since 2014 as bulk mailers adopted the concept.

15 February 2022 update: this update adds 24 new bulk mailers and 333 new permit mail indicia to the 15 November 2021 listing.

Canada ● Revenue

An Introduction to Canadian Revenue Stamps (html) - Christopher D. Ryan. Also available as a pdf file (5.7 MB).
Describes the many different types of Canadian Revenue stamps, both federal and provincial, and their usage.

Federal and Quebec Revenues: A (very) brief overview (4.6 MB pdf) - Dave Schurman
Illustrates revenue stamps and their use on documents. Issued by Canada: Canadian Law and Bill stamps. Issued by Quebec: Law, Registration, Insurance, Prohibition, Unemployment, Licence, and Stock Transfer Tax stamps.

Canada’s Provisional War Tax Revenue Stamps (revised Nov. 2018) (html) - Christopher D. Ryan
Describes the events behind the issue of the Admiral 5¢, 20¢, and 50¢ stamps overprinted War Tax and Inland Revenue War Tax. Includes the 5¢ reprint from plates 9 and 10. Notes that the stamps were ordered and issued by the Inland Revenue Dept., not the Post Office.

Canada’s Inland Revenue and Postal War Tax Stamps did not Finance its War Expenditures during the First World War (html) - Christopher D. Ryan.
What purpose did the Admiral War Tax stamps actually serve?

Revisions and New Listings for Catalogue of Canadian Hunting and Fishing Revenue Stamps - April 2021 (1.0 MB pdf) - Clayton Rubec and Dale Stover
Part One of this document provides revisions and corrections to the BNAPS book Catalogue of Canadian Hunting and Fishing Revenue Stamps published in 2015. Part Two provides listings of new material released from 2016 to 2021 or noted since the book was released.

A New Listing of Alberta Hunting, Resource Development and WISE Foundation Revenue Stamps,and Stampless Licence, Authorization and Special Quota Licence Stamps and Cards 1964 to 1997, Version 2, Jan. 2014 (2.1 MB pdf) - Clayton Rubec and Dale Stover
Revised listing with new catalogue numbers corrects descriptive errors in previous listings, flags non-existent stamps, and adds newly discovered ones.

Canada's National Park Motor Vehicle Licences, 1923 to 2015, Version 3, Aug. 2015 (4.0 MB pdf) - Clayton Rubec
Motor vehicle card licences, metal licence plate toppers, metal radiator badges, self-adhesive decals, rearview mirror shields, and paper receipts issued by Parks Canada.

City of Winnipeg Wildlife Conservation (html) - Saskatoon Stamp Centre
Unusual perforation varieties plus fluorescent paper varieties exist on the City of Winnipeg Wildlife Conservation stamp.

Canada ● Postal History

Crashes, Fires, and War Interrupted the Mail (html) - John Burnett
Illustrates examples of interrupted mail due to airplane crashes, fires, and war, and the markings applied to such mail.

Paquebot Covers: Mailed on the High Seas (html) - John Burnett
Describes paquebot mail and some of the postal markings found on paquebot covers.

Some Early Postal History of Brandon, Manitoba (html) - Robert K. Lane
Illustrates the important role the mail played in the early days of settlement in the Brandon area, dating from when the post office was established on 1 August 1881.

Re-enactment of Western Canada's First Airmail Flight by Katherine Stinson (html) - Robert K. Lane
Commemorative covers marking the 9 July 1918 flight and photos of the re-enactment.

Canada Pence Issue 1851 – 1859 Cover Census, January 2022 revision (html) - Wayne Smith
Census of over 4,500 Pence Issue covers. The census is presented in two ways:
1) By stamp/paper variety – lists the number of covers known for each rate paid by the stamp.
2) By rate – lists the number of covers known for each way to pay the rate.

1859 Cents Issue Used on Cover after April 1, 1868 (html) - Wayne Smith
Census of covers with 1859 Cents Issue stamps mailed after April 1, 1868, when the Large Queens were issued. The census is broken down by domestic mail and registered domestic mail and by foreign destination (U.S., Great Britain, and other destinations). Latest update: May 2022.

Census of Large Queen Covers by Rates, End of 2021 update (html) - Wayne Smith
Census of 1868 Large Queen covers, almost 8,000 of them, sorted by postal rate and destination. Domestic mail: over 5,000 covers. Foreign mail to Newfoundland and PEI: 88 covers. To the United States: over 1,500 covers. To Great Britain: over 1,000 covers. To other foreign destinations (broken down by country): almost 250 covers. The end-of-2021 update added 103 covers.

Canada Four Ring Numeral Cancel Census (html) - Wayne Smith
This census catalogues four-ring numeral cancels found both on and off cover. It lists the number of cancels by the numeral in the cancel and by the stamp issue it occurs on (Pence, Cents, Large Queen, Small Queen) as well as stampless covers. For each numeral, the earliest and latest recorded dates are given. Latest update: May 2022.

Early Use of Two-ring Numeral Cancels on the Large Queen Issue (html) - Wayne Smith
Listing of the earliest recorded use of each of the 60 two-ring numeral cancels. The first strikes appeared in March 1869 during the Large Queen period. The latest update, May 2022, has two new earliest dates.

Canada ● Postal History ● Military Mail

Canadian National Vimy Memorial (html) - Mike Street
Unveiling the Memorial on 26 July 1936 at the site of the battle of Vimy Ridge.

The 1936 'Vimy Ridge' Issue (html) - Mick Bister
The issue and usage of stamps and postal stationery from France to commemorate the unveiling of the Vimy Memorial.

First Special Service Force 1942 – 1944 (html) - Ken Ellison
Story of the joint USA-Canada First Special Service Force (also known as the "Black Devils") formed in 1942 during WW II and disbanded in December 1944. The story is told through covers from its Canadian members showing usage from all points where the F.S.S.F. served.

British Columbia ● Postal History

British Columbia Numeral Grid Cancel Census (html) - Wayne Smith
Census of numeral grid cancels, on and off cover, used by the colonies of British Columbia and Vancouver Island. 36 grid cancelling devices were issued to the colonies in 1860. The census lists 399 covers.

New Brunswick ● Postal history

New Brunswick Numeral Grid Cancel Census (html) - Wayne Smith and Charles Verge
The census describes 993 known covers with New Brunswick numeral grid cancels. It also compiles 2,024 known off-cover cancels. The document includes information about New Brunswick stamps and postal rates when the grid cancels were in use and the origin and use of the hammers.


Newfoundland ABN Plate Proofs of the 1897 Royal Family and 1908 2¢ Map Stamps (html) - John M. Walsh, from the collection of Ed Wener
Slides of the ABN proofs acquired by Ed Wener, and the results of his studies.

Perkins Bacon & Company Their Trade Samples and Other Mysteries (2.9 MB pdf) - Clarence A. Stillions, based on a slide program prepared by Robert H. Pratt. The original Pratt slides are owned by the Collectors Club of Chicago.
Explores the Pratt collection of trade samples produced by Perkins Bacon from 1902 to about 1930 with particular emphasis on those that reproduce Newfoundland stamp designs.

Fascinating Covers

An Extraordinary Canadian Cover - Norris (Bob) Dyer and Leopold Beaudet
The controversial New Carlisle "Postmaster's Provisional Envelope".

Now That Was Service - Pete Jacobi
Story of a cover mailed 1.5 years after the recipient had moved.

A Scarce Example of the War Exchange Tax on Periodical Publications - Christopher D. Ryan
1942 mailing label from the U.S. with three Canadian revenue stamps.

A BNA Cover Challenge
Complex BNA covers are shown and described.

Newfie 1897 Provisional Surcharge on Cover - Norris (Bob) Dyer
Cover with 1¢ 1897 provisional surcharge with rare sans serif font overprint.

An Alberta and a Saskatchewan Cover - Gray Scrimgeour
Two covers from the territorial period of Alberta and Saskatchewan.

Calgary Covers - Calgary Regional Group
Reflections of Calgary's history and postal history.

Exhibit iconExhibits

Philately ● Newfoundland

Newfoundland Stamp Dealers (html) - Terrance R. Harris
Newfoundland's philatelic history through its stamp dealers.

Canada ● Stamps

1 Cent Yellow Large Queen Stamp of Canada - 1869 (0.5 MB pdf) - Vic Willson
Plate proofs, plate varieties, paper, shades, cancellations, and postal usage.

The Chemistry of the War Time Admiral (html) - Richard Judge
Studies the ink used for the 1911 Admiral 2¢ carmine stamp using reflectance, X-ray fluorescence, and Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy. Discusses aniline ink and shade varieties.

The Centennial Booklets of Canada 1967 - 1973 (html) - Joel Weiner
Detailed study of the printing, paper, and tagging varieties and plate flaws on the Centennial booklets. Includes all the key items and many previously unrecorded varieties.

My Favourite Elizabethan Varieties (html) - Leopold Beaudet.
Varieties from the Elizabethan era that are distinctive and/or reveal information about stamp production.

Canada ● Revenue

Canadian Law Stamps (html) - Edward Zaluski
From 1765 to 1970: embossed "AMERICA", Lower and Upper Canada, and post-Confederation stamps and usage.

Canada ● Postal History

Postal History and Usages of the Canada Post Card 1871-1928 (7 MB pdf) - Vic Willson

Sovereignty, Substances, Small Centres and Subs: Closed Post Offices of the Northwest Territories - Kevin O'Reilly
Shows all the closed post offices in the Northwest Territories operated by Canada, the U.S., and Great Britain.

Ottawa Dead Letter Office Handstamps 1872 to 1950 (html) - Gary W. Steele
The Dead Letter Office processed mail matter that could not be forwarded to its final destination. This included domestic mail, mail from foreign countries, and mail to foreign countries that was returned because of insufficient forwarding information. This exhibit shows the evolution of the handstamps - small and large circular, oval, and rectangular - used by the Ottawa Dead Letter Office from 1872 to 1950.

Dead Letter Office Wax Seals & Boxed Registration Handstamps (html) - Gary W. Steele
Studies the Dead Letter Office (DLO) Wax Seals and Boxed Registration handstamps used only on registered Canadian DLO return envelopes. The exhibit includes several previously unknown, unreported, earliest and latest reported dates.

The Victoria Post Office and Undeliverable Mail 1874 - 1925 (html) - Brian C. Plain
Shows the handling of undelivered mail by the Victoria post office from 1874 to the discontinuance of the service in the mid-1920s. A variety of posted items, date stamps and regulatory markings illustrate the activity of this office.

19th Century Brandon Post Office Postmarks (1.5 MB pdf) - Robert K. Lane

RPOs on the Mysterious Estevan Line (2 MB pdf) - Robert K. Lane
One of the earliest mail-carrying branch lines built by the CPR in western Canada.

The West of Winnipeg RPO Hammers (1.4 MB pdf) - Robert K. Lane
The 17 "West of Winnipeg" RPO hammers, the first RPO postmarks used on the CPR main line in western Canada.

Railway Post Offices Postmarks Used in Southern Manitoba (6 MB pdf) - Robert K. Lane
CPR and Canadian Northern Railway/CNR RPO postmarks from southern Manitoba.

Canada ● Postal History ● Military Mail

Epic of Vimy - A Canadian Pilgrimage (13.6 MB pdf) - Don Hedger.
Explores the voyage of some 6,000 Canadian veterans to participate in the unveiling of the Vimy Ridge monument in France on 26 July 1936.

Canada ● Illustrated Mail

Postal History of Imperial Oil Atlantic Perspective (html) - Brainard Fitzgerald
Formation and growth of Imperial Oil from 1880 to 1980, especially in Atlantic Canada, using advertising covers, postcards, and related material.

Newfoundland ● Stamps

Newfoundland Plate Numbers - 1897-1947 (html) - John M. Walsh
Relatively few Newfoundland stamps have plate imprints in the pane margin and some of those were undocumented. This exhibit shows all the stamps with plate numbers including some first discovered by the exhibitor.

Newfoundland - Edward and Alexandra (2 MB pdf) - Norris (Bob) Dyer
1897-1901 Royal Family issue, 2¢ and 3¢ values honoring the Prince and Princess of Wales - proofs, specimens, stamps, and usages.

The 1¢ Newfoundland "Heap of Cod" Stamp 1932-1949 (html) - Anthony Thompson
1932-1949 Resources issue, 1¢ value - dies, printers, plates, watermarks, perforation, usage.

The Blitz Stamps of Newfoundland (html) - Clarence Stillions
The first recorded printing of the Industrial Issue by Waterlow & Sons was in February 1942. Four stamps printed by Waterlow are known used prior to this printing.

Newfoundland ● Stamps ● Perfins

Perforated Initials & Insignia on Stamps of Newfoundland (html) - Barry Senior
Comprehensive eight-frame exhibit showing the use of perforated initials and insignia (perfins) by companies based in Newfoundland and perfins on Newfoundland stamps by companies from outside Newfoundland. Includes many discovery items.

Newfoundland ● Postage Meters

Newfoundland Postage Meters 1928-1949 (html) - Robin Moore
Presents a study of the four types of postage meters used by Newfoundland businesses before Confederation on 1 April 1949. Includes information on, and photos of, the meter machines with their denomination values and rates. Displays an imprint of every known meter number in use.

Newfoundland ● Revenue

Newfoundland Fiscal Stamps and Usages (html) - Terrance R. Harris
Inland Revenue, War/National Savings, Customs Duty, Beer Excise Duty, Transportation Tax, Money Order Tax, Tobacco Tax.

Newfoundland ● Postal History

The Oval Duplexes of Newfoundland and Their Look-alike (html) - Carl Munden
The 12 known (as of 2013) Newfoundland oval duplex cancels, issued between 1898 and 1901.

Nova Scotia ● Postal History

Cross-border Mail via the Cunard Line (1.9 MB pdf) - David D'Alessandris
Mail Between the United States and Nova Scotia, 1840-1867.

Prince Edward Island ● Postal History

Internal Mail of Prince Edward Island (6 MB pdf) - Mike Salmon

Internal Mails and Postage Rates of Pre-confederation Prince Edward Island (html) - Robert Lunn
Explores by-favour covers, including one of the earliest dating back to 1792, and the stampless, pence, and decimal periods.

Website iconNoteworthy BNA material on other websites

Canada ● Stamps

Finding Images for Marler ... and Beyond (html) - William G. Burden
Provides detailed images (over 2,000 of them as of October 2021) of re-entries, retouches, and other plate flaws on Admiral stamps. Accompanying each image is a description (taken from Marler for re-entries and retouches described by Marler) and, where known, the plate position and Marler design type. All the text fields are searchable. If you have discovered a constant plate variety on an Admiral stamp and are curious about whether it has been reported previously or you want to plate it, here is a great resource.

Canada's Picture PostageTM (html) - Darlene Burt
Website devoted to Canada's Picture PostageTM stamps. Has many illustrations going back to when the stamps were first issued. Includes Greetings stamps dating back to 1994 and the 2003 Alaska Cruise stamps. Also includes Canada Post Commemorative Envelopes and Picture PostageTM first day covers.

Canada ● Postal History

The Canadian Advanced Posting Service 1926-1949 - P. Charles Livermore
Christmas cards posted early in December would receive special cancels and be delivered just before Christmas.

Thanks for the Smokes - P. Charles Livermore
Canada - World War II overseas tobacco distribution scheme.

Evolution of Air Mail - Toronto, Canada - From Biplane to Jet - Neil Hunter
Posted on the Canadian Aerophilatelic Society website.

Toronto Postal History - P. Charles Livermore

Peterborough's Transorma Sorting Marks - P. Charles Livermore
High tech mail sorting machine installed in Peterborough, ON, in 1955.

Newfoundland ● Stamps

Slides of the Robert H. Pratt Newfoundland collection - Robert H. Pratt.
The 4,000 plus slides of the Pratt Newfoundland collection owned by the Collectors Club of Chicago and digitized by BNAPS were assembled by subject matter and stamp issue into approximately 30 pdf files by John M. Walsh and posted on his website. Besides Newfoundland, there are two files of Canadian material covering the early issues and revenue stamps.

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This page was last modified on 2022-08-03.

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