BNAPS ORE - Reference Articles

Guide to the Admiral Stamps of Canada

Randall W. Van Someren

Introduction | Formats | Printings | Dies | Paper | Straight Edges | Coils |
Fakes | Forgeries | Terminology | Varieties | Cancellations | Rates | Bibliography

The Formats in which the Admirals Were Issued

The Admirals were issued in the following formats:

Most stamps were distributed to post offices across the country; however, some varieties were available only from the Post Office Philatelic Agency established in 1923, and a few varieties were released by Post Office officials "by favour".

The tables at the bottom of the page provide the following information about each Admiral stamp:

1. Post Office Panes of 100 Stamps (Table 1)

Examples of fully perforated and imperf stamps issued in panes of 100

All denominations of the Admirals were issued in post office panes of 100 stamps. These panes were printed in sheets of 200 or 400 which were cut into the panes of 100. Single stamps are found perforated all around, with one straight edge on any side, and with two straight edges on adjoining sides.

In 1924, panes of the 1¢ yellow, 2¢ green, and 3¢ carmine were issued imperforate. The imperf panes were not distributed to post offices. They were available from the Philatelic Agency, and some were released by favour.

2. Coil Stamps in Rolls (Table 2)

Four examples of coil stamps: 2 cent carmine endwise coil,
            perf 8; 2 cent green endwise coil perf 12; pair of 1 cent green
            experimental coil; 2 cent green sidewise coil perf 8

Coil stamps were issued in rolls of 500 in two formats:

The endwise coils were initially perforated 8 horizontally (left stamp in the illustration above) and subsequently perforated 12 horizontally (second stamp above).

In July 1918, the Post Office added two large holes to the 1¢ green perf 12 endwise coil (vertical pair above). This was done as an experiment to reduce jamming as coils were dispensed from vending machines. The experiment was carried out at a Toronto post office, but was deemed a failure after a two-day trial.

All sidewise coils were perforated 8 vertically (right stamp above).

All coil stamps were printed in sheets of 400 stamps. The sheets were cut into strips of 10 or 20 stamps. The strips were pasted together using the sheet selvedge to produce rolls of 500. Most coil stamps were printed from special coil plates, but some were printed from the same plates as the post office panes.

3. Coil Stamps in Sheet Format (Table 3)

Example of coils issued in sheet format: a vertical pair, imperf by perf 8, and a single, perf 12 by 8

On several occasions, stamps printed with the intention of making them into coil stamps were issued instead as panes of 100 stamps. There are two types of coil stamps in sheet format:

  1. Stamps issued in panes of 100, perforated 8 vertically. These stamps are normally collected in vertical pairs because single stamps would be indistinguishable from regular coil stamps. See the vertical pair of stamps, pictured above at left. These stamps were only available from the Philatelic Agency or released by favour.
  2. Stamps issued in panes of 100, perforated 12 x 8. On two occasions, stamps that had been perforated 8 vertically and were waiting to be cut into strips for coils were instead perforated 12 horizontally and issued as post office panes of 100. See right stamp pictured above.

4. Booklet Panes (Table 4)

Example of a booklet pane of four stamps and another of six stamps

Booklet panes exist in two formats:

The two formats are shown above.

Single stamps from booklet panes have one or two straight edges.


Table 1. Regular Sheet Stamps.
Stamp Wet Dry Comments
Panes of 100, perf 12
1¢ green YES  
1¢ yellow, Die I YES YES  
1¢ yellow, Die II YES  
2¢ carmine YES  
2¢ green YES YES Exists on thin paper (wet)
3¢ brown YES YES  
3¢ carmine, Die I YES  
3¢ carmine, Die II YES  
4¢ bistre YES YES  
5¢ blue YES  
5¢ violet YES YES Exists on thin paper (wet)
7¢ bistre YES  
7¢ red brown YES YES  
8¢ blue YES  
10¢ plum YES  
10¢ blue YES YES Exists on horiz. wove paper
10¢ bistre brown YES  
20¢ olive green YES YES  
50¢ black YES YES  
$1.00 orange YES YES  
2¢ on 3¢ carmine, provisional overprint
2¢ on 3¢, Die I, one line overprint YES Not distributed to post offices
2¢ on 3¢, Die II, one line overprint YES Not distributed to post offices
2¢ on 3¢, Die I, two line overprint YES Not distributed to post offices
War Tax stamps, panes of 100, perf 12
1¢ green, War Tax YES  
2¢ carmine, War Tax YES  
2¢ + 1¢ carmine, War Tax, Die I YES  
2¢ + 1¢ carmine, War Tax, Die II YES  
2¢ + 1¢ brown, War Tax, Die I YES  
2¢ + 1¢ brown, War Tax, Die II YES  
Regular stamp overprinted "War Tax"
5¢ blue YES  
20¢ olive green YES  
50¢ black YES  
Regular stamp overprinted "Inland Revenue War Tax"
5¢ blue YES  
20¢ olive green YES  
50¢ black YES  
Panes of 100, imperforate
1¢ yellow, Die I YES Not distributed to post offices
2¢ green YES Not distributed to post offices
3¢ carmine, Die I YES Not distributed to post offices

Table 2. Coil Stamps.
Stamp Wet Dry Comments
Endwise coils, perf 8 horizontally
1¢ green YES  
2¢ carmine YES  
Endwise coils, perf 12 horizontally
1¢ green YES  
1¢ green experimental coil YES Two large holes added
2¢ carmine YES  
2¢ green YES  
3¢ brown YES  
Sidewise coils, perf 8 vertically
1¢ green YES  
1¢ yellow, Die I YES YES  
1¢ yellow, Die II YES  
2¢ carmine YES  
2¢ green YES YES  
3¢ brown YES  
3¢ carmine, Die I YES  
3¢ carmine, Die II YES  
War Tax sidewise coils, perf 8 vertically
2¢ + 1¢ carmine, War Tax, Die I YES  
2¢ + 1¢ brown, War Tax, Die I YES  
2¢ + 1¢ brown, War Tax, Die II YES  

Table 3. Coil Stamps Issued in Sheet Format.
Stamp Wet Dry Comments
Perf 12 x 8
3¢ carmine, Die II YES  
2¢ + 1¢ carmine, War Tax, Die I YES  
Part perf (imperf x perf 8)
1¢ yellow, Die I YES Not distributed to post offices
1¢ yellow, Die II YES Not distributed to post offices
2¢ green YES YES Not distributed to post offices
3¢ carmine, Die I YES Not distributed to post offices

Table 4. Booklet Stamps.
Stamp Wet Dry Comments
Booklet pane of 6 stamps
1¢ green YES "Squat" printings exist
1¢ yellow, Die I YES  
2¢ carmine YES "Squat" printings exist
2¢ green YES YES  
Booklet pane of 4 stamps
1¢ yellow, Die I YES  
2¢ green YES  
3¢ brown YES  
3¢ carmine, Die I YES  

Introduction | Formats | Printings | Dies | Paper | Straight Edges | Coils |
Fakes | Forgeries | Terminology | Varieties | Cancellations | Rates | Bibliography


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This page was last modified on 2021-01-02